MARPOL 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. (“MARPOL” is short for marine pollution and 73/78 short for the years 1973 and 1978.) MARPOL 73/78 is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions.
A subsidiary of SWAUPE specialises in the handling of oil-containing waters and waste oils derived from shipping and ports.
MARPOL ANNEX I
Marpol Annex I details the discharge requirements for the prevention of pollution by oil and oily materials. It continues to enforce the oil discharge criteria described in the 1969 amendments to the 1954 Oil Pollution Convention. It also introduces the idea of “special areas” which are considered to be at risk to oil pollution. Discharge of oil within them have been completely outlawed but there are a few minor exceptions.
A Regional Intergovernmental Organization Concerns with Marine Pollution. Established on 4th August 1982 at Manama, Bahrain, within the framework of Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution together with the Protocol concerning Co-operation in Combating Pollution by Oil & other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency which were signed on 24th April 1978 at Kuwait.
In Annex I Prevention of pollution by oil, Annex II Control of pollution by noxious liquid substances, Annex IV Prevention of pollution by sewage from ships and Annex V Prevention of pollution by garbage from ships, MARPOL defines certain sea areas as “special areas” in which, for technical reasons relating to their oceanographical and ecological condition and to their sea traffic, the adoption of special mandatory methods for the prevention of sea pollution is required. Under the Convention, these special areas are provided with a higher level of protection than other areas of the sea.